Sunday, May 11, 2014

52 Ancestors: #19 - Leonard DAVIS and Mary Marshall

Amy Johnson Crow of No Story Too Small has issued a challenge:  write one blog post each week devoted to a specific ancestor.  It can be a story, a biography, a photograph, an outline of a research problem – anything that focuses on one ancestor.

For 18 weeks I’ve looked at the oldest generations of the Jolletts, my maternal grandfather’s mother’s side of the family.  Now his father’s side of the family has my full attention.  The Davis line. 

I’ve been collecting documents for membership in the DAR through Leonard Davis.  But it’s not easy.  The good news is that Leonard has been proven as a patriot, but since someone joined through a different descendant, my work is still cut out for me.

For whatever reason, “Leonard” was a popular name among Davis boys.  Letters to the Department of Pensions dated as far back as the 1920s reveal the mystery of my Davis line and the misinformation that has been perpetuated on public family trees on websites like  Everyone’s story begins the same, but then in some sort of genealogical schizophrenia, the life of Leonard Davis becomes two (or more) entirely different versions. 

No matter which Leonard someone descends from, the stories begin with the facts that were spelled out in Leonard’s application for a pension based on his service during the Revolutionary War:  (1) he THINKS he was 19 in 1781 (making his birth year approximately 1761 or 1762), (2) his father moved to North Carolina, (3) Leonard was born in Albemarle County but moved to Rockingham County around 1813.

from pension application of Leonard Davis 1833

After that, it’s hit or miss with Leonard.  The father who moved to North Carolina COULD be Lewis Cave Davis.  There was a Lewis Davis in Albemarle County in 1780 and 1790; then in 1800 there was both a Lewis Sr. and Jr.  As would be expected, there has been somebody named Lewis Davis in Albemarle forever thereafter.  Just to compound the confusion there was a Lewis Davis in numerous counties throughout North Carolina who might have been the father of MY Leonard.  Or not. 

Most people who refer to Lewis Cave Davis as their first Davis in America tell the story of how he was one of seven brothers who emigrated from England.  Five were killed during either the Revolutionary War or War of 1812.  But when they rattle off the list of Lewis’s children, everyone parts ways.

Page 517 of "The Boone Family, A Genealogical History of the Descendants of George Boone" says Lewis Cave Davis was father to Leonard born in Pennsylvania and that Leonard was father to three children: Matthew, Augustus Cave and Doris who married John Watts.  A website has a Leonard Davis born 1762 and died 1817 who married Mary Ballard of York, Virginia. It lists their FOUR children: Matthew, Augustus Cave, Louis, and their sister who married a Watts.  But this husband of Mary Ballard has also been recorded as born in 1742 and a veteran of the French & Indian War, making it impossible to be the same Leonard Davis who applied for a pension in 1833.  Some versions have Leonard moving to Kentucky, but I know there was a Leonard Davis in Rockingham County, Virginia until his death before 1840.  Another version claims Leonard was BROTHER to Augustus Cave, not father.  Birthdates suggest that such a scenario is at least possible.

Two entries in the Albemarle County Deed Book 9 in 1784 echo some familiar names:  Ballard, Watts, Augustine which is rather close to Augustus. 

  • Aug 10 1784. Charles Bush and Elizabeth, his wife, of Albemarle Co. , to Philip Ballard, of same county. £25 curr: 49 a [acres]. in Albemarle Co. part of a tract purched. by Wm. Sumter ; adj. Leonard Davis; Wit. Wm. Betts; Wm. Watts , Leonard Davis . Aug. 1784. D. B. 9, p. 10.
  • Dec. 22 1784. Frederick Wills & Frances, his wife; Leonard Davis and Mary, his wife, of Albemarle County to Thomas Ballard, of Orange County.  £45 curr. 100 a [acres] at foot of Piney Mountains, Albemarle County.  Witt. Robert Sanford, Leonard Davis, Augustine Davis, John Wills, Elizabeth Ballard; March 1785. D. B. 9, p. 69.

So there must be some element of truth to the various versions of the life and times of Leonard Davis.  Maybe the players are just not aligned correctly.  Maybe there’s another generation of Leonards.  Maybe ….

Anyway, my contribution to the confusion is this:  “MY” Leonard Davis was married to Mary Marshall – MRS. Mary Marshall according to their 1788 Albemarle County marriage record, so she evidently was a widow.  Whether she was his first wife or second is not clear since there is also a marriage record for a Leonard Davis and a Susannah Burrows dated 1776 in Orange County, Virginia.  There is a small handful of known children, but maybe there were more.  Maybe they were children of Susannah or maybe of Mary Marshall, who knows. 

Leonard does not appear as head of household until 1820, which matches information given in the pension application.  Besides Leonard and his wife Mary, there were 4 young females between 10 and 44.  Three are possibly known daughters Sarah, Mary Polly, and Elizabeth.  Leonard Jr. had already married and was head of his own household.

In 1830 Rockingham County, the head of household was likely Leonard Jr. with his wife Frances.  The older male was probably Leonard Senior.  The rest appear to be children of Leonard Jr. and Frances.  Leonard Sr.’s wife Mary was likely dead by then.

In 1840, Leonard Sr’s name appears as a Pensioner of the Revolutionary War, age 79.  However, he was not a head of household, and he was not enumerated in Frances Davis’s household either (Leonard Jr’s widow).  It is likely that is where he was, but since the pensioner information is on a second screen, it is difficult to determine how the images align.  

Three Generations:

Leonard DAVIS (1761 - 9 Dec 1840 Rockingham Co, VA) & Mrs. Mary MARSHALL ( - About 1830 Rockingham Co, VA) 23 Dec 1788 Albemarle, Virginia

1. Leonard DAVIS JR.  (Abt 1795 – Before 1840 Rockingham Co, VA) & Frances “Fanny” WYANT (1799 – After 1880) 21 Mar 1820 Orange, Virginia,

  • Mitchell DAVIS (4 Sep 1820 Rockingham Co, VA – 22 Apr 1892 Rockingham Co, VA) & Martha Ann WILLSON (10 Jun 1832 Rockbridge Co, VA – 1 Dec 1905 Rockingham Co, VA)  24 Aug 1846 Rockbridge Co, VA
  • William Franklin DAVIS  (1822 – 1905 Rockingham Co, VA ) & Ardena J. WYANT (1828 – 1890)  23 Dec 1842 Albemarle Co, VA
  • Elijah DAVIS  (Dec 1825 – ) & Barbara Ann SHIFLETT (Jun 1827 - )
  • Mary Ann DAVIS (1828 – ) & m1) George HERRING; m2) Joseph WOOD (1836 Rockingham co, VA – 1870 Rockingham Co, VA) 27 Sep 1858 Rockingham Co, VA
  • Rebecca Ann DAVIS (Dec 1833 Rockingham Co, VA – 15 Aug 1922 Elkton, VA)  & James K. CRAWFORD (22 Jan 1845 Greene Co, VA  – 7 Sep 1921 Elkton, VA) 7 Feb 1878 Rockingham Co, VA,
  • Sarah F. DAVIS (Feb 1834 – 2 Feb 1913 Rockingham Co, VA)
2. Sarah Ann DAVIS (Abt 1801 – 24 Nov 1881 Craig Co, VA) & Matthias LAMB (1804 Virginia – 1880 Botetourt Co, VA)  18 Dec 1826 Rockingham Co, VA

  • Isaac LAMB (1827 – Before 1880) & Martha A. UNKNOWN
  • Margaret LAMB (1830 Virginia – )
  • Joseph LAMB (1832 Virginia – Before 1880) & Frances UNKNOWN
  • Ariadne LAMB  (1833 Virginia – )
  • Elijah LAMB (1835 Virginia – )
  • Moses LAMB (1837 Virginia – Craig Co, VA) & m1) Elizabeth J. MANKEY (1840 Rockingham Co, VA – 1880 Craig Co, VA) 15 Nov 1860 Virginia ; & m2) Fannie UNKNOWN (1856 - )
  • David LAMB (1839 Virginia – )
  • Abraham LAMB (1840 Virginia – ) & Martha UNKNOWN
  • Matthew LAMB (1842 Virginia – )
3. Mary “Polly” DAVIS  (Abt 1805 – ) & John Jacob BAUGHER (2 May 1799 Rockingham Co, VA – 1864 Rockingham Co, VA)  2 Jan 1823 Rockingham Co, VA

  • Lucinda BAUGHER  (1823 – 1903)
  • Sarah BAUGHER (1827 Rockingham Co, VA – 19 Jul 1899) & Gideon LAYMON
  • Jemima BAUGHER (1832 – 1912) & Alfred MORRIS
  • Mary BAUGHER (1834 – 1916)
  • Marietta BAUGHER (1836 – 1916)
  • Jacob BAUGHER (1838 – 1913 in Nodaway, MO) & Catherine UNKNOWN
  • David BAUGHER (1840 – 1920) & Carlitha UNKNOWN (1846 Missouri – )
  • John BAUGHER (1844 – 1924)
  • Phineas Abraham BAUGHER (1846 – 1926) & Jessie A. HERMAN (1855 Kentucky – )
4. Elizabeth DAVIS & Jonathan CRAWFORD 24 Oct 1820 Rockingham Co, VA

© 2014, Wendy Mathias.  All rights reserved.


  1. When it comes to researching those Davis lines, I find myself muttering that "or not" phrase a lot...

  2. This could have been easier to solve if there were computers back then!
    Good luck!

  3. What a lot of research you have to do. I also love the mantra 'or not'.

  4. Wow! Looks like you really do have your work cut out for you.

  5. Girl, I don't know how you do it, but thank you!

  6. I am one of Leoanard davis, grreat......grandchildren...I think our lines match until we reach Elijah Davis who would have been my 3 x great grandfather.

    1. Daisy, Elijah Davis, son of Leonard Jr and Fannie was my great great grandfather through his son Sampson and his 2nd wife Martha Eaton.. Could you email me at I would enjoy talking with you. I have Sampson and Mary Jane listed as the only children of Elijah.. I have no further info listed on Mary Jane except her birth..